Sweaborg [Sveaborg/ Suomenlinna: Finland]
Mounted in album with PAI4673-PAI4676, PAI4678-PAI4716.; No.5. No. 5 in Fanshawe's Baltic and later album, 1843-1883. Fold-out panoramic drawing on three joined sheets, the two on the right stuck down to the album page and captioned by the artist below the image. As title. Sweaborg - the usual 19th-century English spelling of the Swedish Sveaborg - is the 18th-century six-island fortress covering the approach to Helsinki (formerly Helsingfors), Finland, which was Russian territory at this time. It was subjected to massively destructive bombardment by the Anglo-French fleet on 8 - 9 August 1855 during the Baltic campaign of the Crimean War, but was not captured and was subsequently rebuilt. In 1918, it was renamed Suomenlinna (Castle of Finland) and is today a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since there is no obvious damage shown here, this drawing of it from a safe seaward distance probably predates the bombardment. Fanshawe's 'Cossack' was present at that but, given her small size, only marginally involved (see Fanshawe  pp. 329-33).
Edward Gennys Fanshawe
Original size: 115 mm x 522 mm
- Image reference: PZ4677
- National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London
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